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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Vessel sherd; earthenware; brown fabric; exterior decorated with horizontal bands, cross-hatching and other geometric motifs in reddish-brown on an orange-brown ground; wheel-turned.Red-brown organic Nile silt with grey-brown core and abundant mica, organic and white inclusions

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 300-475
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 14.9 centimetres
    • Width: 10.7 centimetres
    • Thickness: 0.85 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    See decoration on Coptic painted jar from Karanis (Johnson 1981, pl.14, no.110, 4th to mid 5th century AD)

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1914,0317.19 (G&R reg.no)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: MCB1892

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