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Updated: 27 April 2015
- Clephane Horn
Horn or oliphant; ivory; carved with bands of relief decoration running around the hollowed-out elephant tusk; from bell to mouthpiece: plain band, stiff foliage, plain band, contiguous roundels, plain band, frieze of animals and mythical beasts, plain band, contiguous roundels, plain band, beaded band, running acanthus scroll, beaded band, a wide, slightly recessed band (for metal mount), plain band, running acanthus scroll, plain band, recessed band containing in four registers; 1) four quadrigae 2) hunting scene 3) men wrestling 4) performing animals; beaded band, stiff foliage, plain band, wide, slightly recessed, band (for metal mount), plain band, stiff foliage and a plain band.
- 11thC (probably)
- Made in: Salerno (?)
- (Europe,Italy,Campania,Salerno (province),Salerno (town))
- Length: 575 millimetres
- Width: 115 millimetres
Published: D. Buckton, Byzantium: Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture, London, 1994, no 158. Archaelogia LXV 1913-14 pp.213-222.
Four longitudinal splits; a large fragment missing from rim and another from inside of curve.
Sir Walter Scott implied that the horn had been used for sounding the alarm from the battlements of Carslogie Castle, a seat of the Clephane family near Cupar, in Fife; according to tradition it had been in the castle since the Middle Ages. The horn has been on loan to the BM since 1914, accepted by H M Treasury in lieu of Capital Transfer Tax payable on the death of the 6th Marquess on 30.1.1978.
Britain, Europe and Prehistory
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Object reference number: MCB2512
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