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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Wooden smoking-pipe with integral stem and bowl.

  • Ethnic name

  • Date

    • 18thC (?)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 22.4 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Collected 1791-1795 on Captain George Vancouver's voyage (HMS Discovery). Purchased 27/6/1983, Sotheby's sale, London, lot 64.

  • Location


  • Exhibition history

    2011 2 Mar-Present, BM Room 26; Gallery of North America, Case: "The West Coast"

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    11 November 1992

    Treatment proposal

    Remove Sellotape. (pressure sensitive tape.)


    Residue of Sellotape on the surface.

    Treatment details

    Sellotape residue removed with cotton wool swabs moistened with acetone.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Collected on George Vancouver's North Pacific voyage of 1791-1795.

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


Wooden smoking-pipe with integral stem and bowl.



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Object reference number: ENA20516

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