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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Oblong piece of wood with crosses and other marks cut into it.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Curator's comments

    Vendor "W.J.Williams" on Slips and in Temporary Register,1861-1921,p.87; but correspondence (M&LA Dept.) signed "J.W.Williams".

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    19 March 1998

    Treatment proposal

    Clean surface to try and enhance carved design. Tone down recently damaged areas of bark.


    Dusty. Bark loose in several areas. Wood appearing `raw' in areas where recently chipped.

    Treatment details

    Secured loose bark using 15%v/vVinamul 3252 (vinyl acetate,ethylene copolymer) in distilled water, applied with a fine brush and wetting area first with white spirit to act as a barrier. (Discussed with AK first.) Gentle pressure applied during drying to increase contact between wood and bark by balancing plastic straws between object and bricks. Surface cleaned using soft brush and vacuum suction. Toned down exposed areas of wood using Rowney's Cryla colours (acrylic).

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: EOC9914

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