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Finger-ring; decade ring; bronze; thin hoop with small bosses; applied rectangular bezel with three gilt ovals containing a cross, anchor and flaming heart.
- Found/Acquired: Newport (Essex)
- (Europe,British Isles,England,Essex,Newport)
- Diameter: 0.94 inches
According to the Braybrooke catalogue, 'A slight hoop of inferior gold, surmounted by threee square facets with an oval upon each, containing respectively in relief, a square headed cross, an anchor, and a heart, for Faith, Hope and Charity; at each end of this entablature is a foliated ornament, and the exterior of the hoop between these is studded with eleven small beads or bosses, which, occuring in conjuction with the other religious symbols, suggest the posibility of this ring having been intended to be used as a decade, since the number of knobs is not necessarily limited to ten. Another example of this occurs in No. 94 above; and in the collection of of Mr Fitch, of Norwich, there is another of mixed yellow metal with eleven bosses and an oval facet, engraved with the figure of St. Catherine? Temp. Henry VI. The following explanation of these knobs has been given:- Eleven bosses indicative of prayers have occasionally a twelfth added to mark a creed repeated. A gold ring with ten knobs and a circular ornament of larger size bearing a plain cross, was found in 1846, in pulling down an old house in Henilan Street, Denbigh, and was in the possession of Mr. S. Edwards of that town. A similar one of base metal, discovered in a tomb in York Minster is preserved in the treasury there; and another example precisely similar, was found in Whitby Abbey, Yorkshire, (Archaelogical Institute, vol. 5, page 64;)and Mr Jesse in his Gleanings of Natural History, describes one of base metal, found in the Thames, near Kingston. A decade ring with ten knobs and a central projection engraved with a cross, was found at Exton, Rutlandshire, it belongs to Mrs Baker of Stamford: (Archaeological Institute Journal, vol. 7, page 196.) Mr. Hoare, of Cork, is exhibiting one of these rings made of silver, found on the site of an old Monastery near that city, remarks that he never met with them in any other metal, but the instances above adduced show that in England it is not unusual to find them made of base, as well as more precious metals. The present example was found at Newport, Essex, and presented to me by Mr. Joseph Clarke, F.S.A., of Saffron Walden, February, 1856. -21grs.'
Prehistory and Europe
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Object reference number: MCM2704
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