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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Reliquary case; bronze; circular with loop at top; engraved one side with agnus dei on hatched ground; other side with sacred monogram.

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 3.4 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        sacred monogram
      • Inscription Script

        Black Letter
      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Content

  • Bibliography

    • Cherry 2003 fig. 19.9 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    1 November 1997

    Treatment proposal

    . . Lightly clean to remove verdigris and to improve appearance.


    Detail of design almost completely obscured by mud, verdigris and corrosion. Curator not sure whether object was silver or copper-alloy.

    Treatment details

    Object confirmed as copper-alloy. Wiped over with Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol), dirt and corrosion removed very carefully with tip of scalpel unde x20 magnification. Whole brushed with bone handled natural bristle brush or small stencil brush. Detail of design fully revealed. A few waxy deposits left in some of the incised lines in case they were original.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: MCM2827

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