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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Textile (batik) on square of silk. Main colours: orange, yellow, in flower/palm design.

  • Producer name

  • Ethnic name

  • Date

    • 2001
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 90 centimetres
    • Width: 83 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    This piece was purchased from the maker during a visit by Ernabella artists to the Department of Ethnography on 6 September 2001. Nungalka Stanley and other Ernabella artists were in England to particiapte in the 'This Earth for Us: Stories and Art of Australia's First People' exhibition, at its' Edinburgh venue, the City Art Centre. They were visiting to view some other Ernabella silks the Department had recently purchased (one of which, Oc2001,09.1, was by Nyukana Baker, Nungalka Stanley's 'sister'). Eth.Doc.[no.].


  • Bibliography

    • Eickelkamp 1999 bibliographic details
    • Partos 1998 bibliographic details
  • Condition


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


Batik on square of silk. Main colours: orange, yellow, in flower/palm design.

Batik on square of silk. Main colours: orange, yellow, in flower/palm design.

Image description



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Object reference number: EOC35273

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