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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description


  • Findspot

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 50 centimetres
    • Width: 9.5 centimetres
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    20 January 2000

    Treatment proposal

    Clean wire and blade.


    Dirt and dust present on the steel blade of the knife. The blade is pitted and uneven with areas of patchy, dark corrosion. The wire handle of the knife is also dirty and dusty and the brass wire is discoloured with tarnish.

    Treatment details

    The steel blade of the knife was cleaned using Solvol Autosol (diatomaceous earth,methylated soap,white spirit). This was applied to the surface using cotton swabs. The brass wire handle was cleaned using Brasso (abrasives,white spirit,fatty acids,water). The brasso residues were removed using white spirit and a final swab with Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone).

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: EAF22829

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