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statue

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1881,0701.1

  • Description

    Limestone statue of Herakles sitting on a rock. His arms are outstretched, the right wrist covered with a cloth or skin. Both hands are missing. The god has a full beard and a wreath in his hair tied with a ribbon, the ends of which fall onto his shoulders. He has a powerful muscualture and strong features. The base is inscibed at the front, ΣΑΡΑΠΙΔΟΡΟΣ ΑΡΤΕΜΙΔΩΡΟΥ ΚΑΤ’ ΕΥΚΗΝ and at the proper right side on top of the base ΔΙΟΓΕΝΗΣ ΕΠΟΙΕΙ. Sometimes known as the Herakles Epitrapezios, on the table, the original associated with a small bronze sculpture by Lysippos.

    More 

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1-50
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 52.9 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        base
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Translation

        Diogenes made (this). Sarapiodorus son of Artemidorus (dedicated this) in fulfilment of a vow.
  • Curator's comments

    Discussed and illustrated in Reade, J.E., Greco-Parthian Nineveh, in Iraq, Vol. 60 (1998), pg.70.
    Mentioned in relation to the Greek name 'Diogenes' carved onto one of the panels in the BM 124895 Reade, J.E., 'More about Adiabene', in Iraq, Vol. 63 (2001), pg.190, fig.5.

  • Bibliography

    • Invernizzi A 1989a (argues for 2ndC date) bibliographic details
    • Inscription 1048B bibliographic details
    • Sculpture 1726 bibliographic details
    • LIMC IV,n.974 bibliographic details
    • Bartman E 1992a p.181 bibliographic details
    • Messina V 2007a pp.173-74, cat.85 (entry by Ariela Bollati) bibliographic details
    • Murray A S 1882a pp.240-43 bibliographic details
    • Reade 1998a pp.69-70, fig.4 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G70/25

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    "Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara", Torino, 13 Feb-27 May 2007
    2010-2011 3 Dec - 3 May, Madrid, Canal de Isabel II," Alejandro Magno: Encuentro con Oriente"
    2010 21 Mar - 1 Nov, Leobon, Kunsthalle Museumcenter, "Alexander der Grosse und die offnung der Welt"
    2009-2010 2 Oct - 21 Feb, Mannheim, Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, "Alexander der Grosse und die offnung der Welt"

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    13 November 2006

    Reason for treatment

    Loan

    Treatment proposal

    The sculpture requires the following: light clean; improve the discoloured old repairs; fill small crack to nose and retouch; mount on card.

    Condition

    The sculpture had an unevenly dirty surface. The surface around the nose, beard and cheek (proper left) was friable and there was a series of fine cracks and fissures in this area. Other areas on the torso suffered from small blisters. The old repairs that were applied to various parts of the object had become discoloured.

    Treatment details

    The surface of the object was cleaned to obtain a more uniformed finish. This was achieved by using Wishab sponge (vulcanized latex,filler), Groomstick (modified natural rubber) and saliva. The old repairs were improved (using Flugger where necessary) and retouched with Rowney's Cryla colours (acrylic). All the small cracks and fissures where filled using Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) at 20% solution in 1:1 Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) and Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) mixed with Microballoons (silica or phenolic resin). These were then touched in to match the surrounding stone as above. The uneven underside of the base was built up using the same Paraloid B72 and Microballoon mix. The object was then mounted on card.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1881

  • Acquisition notes

    Discovered January 1880. Transferred from the old Department of Oriental Antiquities (later Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities).

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1881,0701.1

Limestone statue of Hercules resting on a rock. The base is inscribed.

Limestone statue of Hercules resting on a rock. The base is inscribed.

Image description

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Object reference number: GAA1393

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