Slab from a marble frieze, representing seven women and girls dancing.
Relief of women moving to the right in a dance. The slab formed part of a continuous frieze; there is an edge at each side which leaves figures incomplete. The back is rough-tooled with an offset at the bottom. The figures stand on a narrow moulding. The surface is weathered and the relief is unfinished; incompleted drilling is visible at certain points, and there are indications that the edges of the figures were to have been further rounded off. The design appears to be schematised so that women wearing chitons and mantles alternate with girls of lower stature wearing chitons only; the women have the hands free, the girls hold flowers. All figures show a marked forward tilt of the body, to indicate motion, and the heads are lowered in the dance. Seven figures are preserved wholly or in part.
On the left is the end of the sleeve of a figure otherwise cut off by the joint, beyond which a girl rushes forward, the left shoulder advanced, left arm holding flower downwards in front, right arm and shoulder cut off. Next comes a woman, the mantle falling in long folds from each shoulder, the arms slightly bent and hanging at the front and side. In front, a girl holding flowers aloft in either hand, then a second woman as before. Beyond, a girl whose head is partly cut off by the joint, and in front of her the right hand and leg of a seventh figure.
The hair is shown as a raised plane, grooved horizontally, brought low over the forehead in a fringe, and falling in a lock before the ear and in a mass down the back. The eye is long and protruding; the nose short and pointed. All figures wear flat stephanae and have bracelets on each wrist. The feet are bare and set flat on the base-line; two heels are slightly raised. The toes are carefully worked. The chitons are long and sleeved. The cloaks, over the left shoulder, show a plain folded edge; on the fifth figure is a possible trace of a zigzag border.
The relief is flat and low. The limbs are very slightly rounded and appear through the drapery, those of figures in the background show through two layers of drapery. The result is animated, but confusing; the sculptor's planes are not well distinguished and the monotony of pose is only partially concealed by variations of grouping.
- 540BC-530BC (circa)
- Excavated/Findspot: Teichioussa, Letter dated 12 July 1852 gives findspot as "Found among the ruins of anc? Tafsus. Head of gulf of Mandelyah, coast of Asia Minor.
- (Asia,Turkey,Aegean Region (Turkey),Aydın (province),Teichioussa)
- Height: 53.5 centimetres
- Length: 83.5 centimetres
Smith, no. 21; Brunn-Bruckmann, 101Β; Collignon, Sculpt. gr., I, p. 258, fig. 126; L. Curtius in Ath. Mitt., 1906, p. 173; Langlotz, Fruhgr. Bildhauerschulen, p. 145; Mendel, Constantinople Cat., I, p. 46; Perrot, Hist. de l’Art, VIII, p. 282, fig. 115; Pfuhl in Jahrbuch, 1926, p. 130; Picard, Sculpt. ant., p. 296; Pontremoli and Haussoullier, Didymes, p. 199; Poulsen, Orient u. fruhgr. Kunst, p. 154; Rayet and Thomas, Milet, pl. 27; Studniczka in Jahreshefte, 1903, p. 182; Wiegand in Abh. Berl. Akad., Phil.-Hist. KL, 1911, p. 39; Winter, Kunstgesch. in Bild., I, 7, pl. 203. 1.
Wiegand (supra) suggests that the slab formed part of the cornice of the old temple.
Greek & Roman Antiquities
Slab from a marble frieze, representing seven women and girls dancing to the right, carved in low relief. It is partly unfinished and the back is roughly worked. The women wear chitons and mantles and the girls wear chitons only. The girls hold flowers. The surface is weathered.
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Object reference number: GAA5826
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