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The Parthenon Sculptures

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1816,0610.97

  • Title (series)

    • The Parthenon Sculptures
  • Description

    Marble statue of two female figures from the East pediment of the Parthenon (East pediment L and M). The East pediment showed the miraculous birth of the goddess Athena from the head of her father Zeus. Many of the figures from the central scene are now fragmentary or entirely lost.
    Figure L sits and M reclines on a stepped rock covered with a himation. Both wear girdled chitons with buttoned sleeves and a himation. L's chiton is additionally fastened with a cord across the shoulders. M reclines in L's lap, her right shoulder exposed. A dowel hole indicates that she wore a bracelet on her right arm. The figures are carved from one block. The heads, hands and feet are missing.
    They are perhaps, from left to right, Hestia, Dione, and her daughter Aphrodite. However, another suggestion is that the two figures on the right are the personification of the Sea (Thalassa) in the lap of the Earth (Gaia).

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  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 438BC-432BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 123 centimetres (maximum approx)
    • Length: 233 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Sculpture 303.L bibliographic details
    • Sculpture 303.M bibliographic details
    • Smith 1910 p.13, pl.5 bibliographic details
    • Smith 1892 pp.113-115 bibliographic details
    • Choremi-Spetsieri 2004 pp.127, 131, fig.93 bibliographic details
    • Brommer 1963 pp.17-21, pl.45, 48-51 bibliographic details
    • Palagia 1993 pp.21-22, 61, fig.42-43, 45-46 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G18

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1816

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1816,0610.97

Marble statues of three figures from the East pediment of the Parthenon (East pediment L and M).  Figure K sits uneasily on a rock, covered with a himation. She is on the point of rising and tucks her right foot in to lever herself up. She sits higher than her neighbour and wears sandals with thick soles, a chiton with sleeves and overfall, and a himation with selvages, covering her legs and back. Her chiton slips off the right shoulder. The head and both arms are missing.  Figure L sits and M reclines on a stepped rock covered with a himantion. Both wear a girded chiton with sleeves and a himation. L's chiton is additionally fastened with a cord across the shoulders. M reclines in L's lap, her right shoulder exposed. She appears to have worn a bracelet on her right arm. The figures are carved from one block.  They are remarkable for their naturalistic rendering of anatomy blended with a harmonious representation of complex draperies.  They are perhaps, from left to right, Hestia, Dione, and her daughter Aphrodite. However, another suggestion is that the two figures on the right are the personification of the Sea (Thalassa) in the lap of the Earth (Gaia).

Marble statues of three figures from the East pediment of the Parthenon (East pediment L and M). Figure K sits uneasily on a rock, covered with a himation. She is on the point of rising and tucks her right foot in to lever herself up. She sits higher than her neighbour and wears sandals with thick soles, a chiton with sleeves and overfall, and a himation with selvages, covering her legs and back. Her chiton slips off the right shoulder. The head and both arms are missing. Figure L sits and M reclines on a stepped rock covered with a himantion. Both wear a girded chiton with sleeves and a himation. L's chiton is additionally fastened with a cord across the shoulders. M reclines in L's lap, her right shoulder exposed. She appears to have worn a bracelet on her right arm. The figures are carved from one block. They are remarkable for their naturalistic rendering of anatomy blended with a harmonious representation of complex draperies. They are perhaps, from left to right, Hestia, Dione, and her daughter Aphrodite. However, another suggestion is that the two figures on the right are the personification of the Sea (Thalassa) in the lap of the Earth (Gaia).

Image description

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