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block

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1805,0703.232

  • Description

    Marble shield with a list of young men enrolled as Ephebes at Athens, with Alkamenes as trainer. Athenians are listed first in tribes followed by the foreigners who had comes to Athens to complete their education.

  • Date

    • AD195 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 86.36 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Transliteration

        On the rim:
        [---]ορος ἀλκῆς | αἰὲν ἐς ἀνχεμα[χoν--]

        In the shield:
        1 Ἀλκαμένους κοσμη-
        τεύοντος ἔφηβοι

        I col.
        vv Ἐρεχθεῖδος
        Αὔρ(ελιος) Δημήτριος
        5 Ἰσίτυχος Ζωπύ(ρου)
        Ζώπυρος )
        Ζωσιμιανὸς Σόφ
        Φανίας Μυστικοῦ
        Ἡρακλείδης Ἡρακλείδου
        10 vvΑἰγεῖδος
        Μεγιστόδωρος )
        Κάρπος )
        vvv Λεωντίδος
        Ἀπελλῆς Ἀφροδ
        15 Εὐτυχιανὸς Ἀφρο
        Ἀσκληπιάδης Ἀπο
        Διοκλῆς ὁ καὶ Τρύφ(oνoς)
        Λεωνίδης Ζωσί(μου)
        Ζώσιμος )
        20 Ἰσίδοτος Ἑρμ(oφιλoυ)
        Εὐφρόσυνος Ἑρμ(oφιλoυ)
        vvΠτολεμαίδος
        Τίτος )
        Νικόστρατος )
        25 Τιμοκράτης Νικo
        Ζώπυρος Νικο
        Αὐρ(ήλιος) Πάνταινος
        vvv ἐπένγραφοι
        Κλα(ύδιος) Ὀνόμαστος
        30 Φιλῖνος Μυστικ(οῦ)
        Νεικηφόρος Εὐδ
        Ἑρμόφιλος Εὐδ
        Πομπ(ειος) Μάρων
        Ὀλυ<μ>πικός
        35 Ἀφροδείσιος )
        Εἰσίδοτος Διο
        [B]ότρυς
        [Θ]ίασος
        40 Mύρ<ι>νος

        II col.
        41 Συμφέρων Μελίσ
        Μέλισσος )
        Λόγος )
        Εὐέλπιστος )
        45 Ξενοκλῆς Ὀνησί
        vv Ἀκαμαντίδος
        Κρίτων)
        Νίκων Εὐτυχ
        Χρύσανθος Σωσι
        50 Ἀθήναιος Εὐκ
        v Ἁδριανίδος
        Κλ(αύδιος ) Πρωταγόρας
        vv Οἰνεῖδος
        Εἰσίδοτος )
        55 Ἀλέξανδρος Εὐτ
        Ἀμμώνιος )
        Δίφιλος Ἀφρο
        Φαρνάκης Ἐλευ
        Μακρεῖνος Φιλο
        60 Ἀφροδείσιος Φιλ
        vvvv Κεκροπίδος
        Ἐπέραστος Ἀθηνίω Με
        Κλα(ύδιος) Παυλεῖνος
        Κλα(ύδιος) Ῥητορικός
        65 Ὑμέναιος Μητρ<ou>
        vv ἐπένγραφοι
        Περιγένης Ὑγίν
        Ἀγάθων
        Στά(τιος) Εὐτυχιανός
        70 Ἐρ Δωσίθεος
        Γα<ν>υμήδης
        Δαμᾶς
        Κόρυμβος
        Ἡρακλείδης
        75 Εὐγνώμων
        Νεάνθης
        Ἰσίδοτος
        Ἰσίδωρος
        Μάρων
        80 [Ἐ]παφρᾶς

        III col.
        Ἀφροδείσιος)
        Ἰατρ̣[ο]κλῆς )
        Ἀγαθόπους
        Ἱπποθοοντίδος
        85 Θεοφάνης Φιλέρ(ωτος)
        Φιλοκράτης )
        Διόφαντος Φιλ
        Εὐκράτης Φιλ
        Θεοφάνης )
        90 Ἀφροδείσιος )
        Εὐπόριστος
        vvΑἰαντίδος
        Στέφανος Τρο̅
        Μίλων)
        95 Σεραπιακὸς Εὐκ
        Φοῖβος Δορυφ(ορου)
        Δορυφόρος )
        Κλα(υδιος) Γάιος
        100 Ἀγαθοκλῆς )
        Ζώσιμος Ἀγα
        Ἀρτεμίδωρος A
        vvἈντιωχίδος
        Αἰλ(ιανός )Διονύσιος
        105 Κλα(ύδιος) Νυμφίος
        Ἡλιόδωρος Ἀρκ(ολύκου)
        Σόλων Ἀρκολύ(κου)
        vv ἐπένγραφοι
        Εὐτύχης Γα̅ Μάχιμος Σύμφορος )
        110 Πρῖμος Ἀπολ̣λώνι Πανθίων
        Ζωσᾶς Πλάτων Ἀφροδίσιος
        Ἐπικτᾶς Εὐκαρπᾶς Εὐκαρπᾶς
        Ἀττικίων Εὐτυχᾶς Ἀρτεμᾶς
        Ζήνων Λέων Θεόδοτος
        115 Πίνος Πωσφόρος Ἀρτεμίδωρος
        Νείκων Διονύσιος Σωτήριχος
        Κλα(ύδιος) Σωτηρίων Ζώπυρος
        Ἀρτεμίδωρ Μᾶρκος
        Σωτήριχος Εὐφραντικός
        120 Ζώσιμος Κλ(αύδιος) Εὐτύχης
        Δημήτρι<ο>ς Ἀθηνίων
        Κλα(ύδιος) Ὀνήσιμος
        Ζμάραγδος

        IV col.
        Πρωτόκτητος )
        Διόφαντος Διον
        Θρασύβουλος )
        135 vvἈτταλίδος
        Π Αἴλ(ιανός) Δίφιλος
        Πόπλιος Ταυγέ
        vac.
        ἀντικοσμήτῃ δὲ οὐ-
        140 κ ἐχρησάμην διὰ τὸ
        ἐν τῷ νόμῳ περὶ τού-
        του μηδὲν γεγρά-
        φθαι, ἄλλως τε καὶ
        τῷ υἱῷ ἐχρησάμην
        145 εἰς ταύτην τὴν
        ἐπιμέλειαν
        vvvΜ Aὐρηλίῳ
        Ἀλκαμένει Λαμ-
        vvvπτρεῖ
        150vacat on c. 8 lines
      • Inscription Translation

        On the rim:
        [---]OROS strenght always to hand fight [---]

        In the shield:
        Ephebes in time when Alkamenes was kosmetes:

        I column:
        of tribe Erechtheis:
        Aur(elius) Demetrius
        Isitychos son of Zo(pyrus)
        Zopyrus, son of Zopyrus
        Zosimianos son of Soph ()
        Fanias son of Mystikos
        Herakleides son of Herakleides
        of tribe Aigeidis:
        Megistodoros son of Megistodoros
        Karpos son of Karpos
        of tribe Leontis:
        Apelles son of Aphrod ()
        Eutychianos son of Aphro ()
        Asklepiades son of Apo ()
        Diokles and Tryphon
        Leonides son of Zosi(mos)
        Zosimos son of Zosimos
        Isidotos son of Hermophilos
        Euphrosynos son of Hermophilos
        of tribe Ptolemais:
        Titus son of Titus
        Nikostratos son of Nikostratos
        Timokrates son of Niko ()
        Zopyros son of Niko ()
        Aur(elius) Pantainos
        added to the list:
        Kla(udios) Onomastos
        Filionos son of Mystikos
        Nikephoros son of Eud ()
        Hermophilos son of Eud()
        Pomp(eius) Maron
        Olympikos
        Aphrodeisos son of Aphrodeisos
        Eisidotos son of Dio ()
        Botrys
        Thiasos
        Myrinos

        II column
        Sympheron Melis
        Melissos son of Melissos
        Logos son of Logos
        Euelpistos son of Euelpistos
        Xenokles Onesi()
        of tribe Akamantis:
        Kriton son of Kriton
        Nikon son of Euty(chianos)
        Chrysanthos son of Sosi ()
        Athenaois son of Euk ()
        of tribe Hadrianis:
        Kl(audios) Protagoras
        of tribe Oineidis:
        Eisidotos son of Eisidotos
        Alexandros son of Eut ()
        Ammonios son of Ammonios
        Difilos son of Aphro ()
        Farnakes son of Eleu()
        Makreinos son of Philo()
        Afrodeisios son of Phil()
        of tribe Kekropis
        Eperastos Athenio Me
        Kl(audios) Pauleinos
        Kl(audios) Rhetorkios
        Hymenaios son of Meter
        added to the list:
        Perigenes son of Hyginos
        Agathon
        Sta(tius) Eutychianos
        Er Dositheos
        Ganymedes
        Damas
        Korymbos
        Herakleides
        Eugnomon
        Neanthes
        Isidotos
        Isidoros
        Maron
        Epaphras

        III column:
        Aphrodeisios son of Aphrodeisios
        Iatrokles sonf of Iatrokles
        Agathopous
        of tribe Hippothontis:
        Theofanes son of Philer(otos)
        Phokrates son of Philokrates
        Diofantos Fil()
        Eukrates Fil()
        Theophanes son of Theophanes
        Aphrodeisios son of Aphrodeisios
        of tribe Aiantis:
        Stefanos Tro( )
        Milon son of Milon
        Serapiakos son of Euk ()
        Phoibos son of Dorph(oros)
        Doryphoros son of Doryphoros
        Kla(udios) Gaius
        Agathokles son of Agathokles
        Zosimos son of Aga(thokles)
        Artemidoros A
        of tribe Antiochis:
        Ael(ianus) Dionysios
        Kla(udios) Nymphios
        Heliodoros son of Ark(olykos)
        Solon son of Arkoly(kos)
        added to the list:
        Eutyches Ga() Machimos Symphoros son of Symphoros
        Primos Apolloni<o> Panthion
        Zosas Platon Aphrodisios
        Epiktas Eukarpas Eukarpas
        Attikon Eutychas Artemas
        Zeno Leon Theodotos
        Pinos Posforos Artemidoros
        Neikon Dionysios Soterichos
        Kla(udios) Soterion Zopyros
        Artemidos Markos
        Soterichos Eufrantikos
        Zosimos Kl(audios) Eutyches
        Demetrios Athenion
        Kla(udius) Onesimos Athenion
        Zmargados

        IV column:
        Protoktetos son of Protoktetos
        Diofantos son of Dion()
        Thrasyboulos son of Thrasyboulos
        of tribe Attalis:
        P(ublius) Ael(ianos) Diphilos
        Poplios son of Tauge(tos)
        I didn’t administer the antikosmetes because there has been nothing written in law about it. Otherwise I had son to fulfill this function - Marcus Aurelius of deme Lamptros.
      • Inscription Comment

        The main part of the Greek text (a list of ephebes) is situated on the convex side of a circular stone shield. There was also a dedication inscribed on the rim of the object. Unfortunately only a small fragment of it survives, containing the phrase: [---]ορος ἀλκῆς | αἰὲν ἐς ἀνχεμα[χoν--]. Two other greek inscriptions (IG II 2, 2131 and IG II 2, 2192) were recognized as other parts of the same shield. When combined with the other fragments of text ([---]ο̣ν πατρίδ' ὁπλισσ [---] from IG II 2 2131, and [---]ρονπυ[---] from IG II 2 2192), one reading was put forward as [δ'] ὅ̣ρων πύ[ργοις δ]ορὸς ἀλκῆς, vvv αἰὲν ἐς ἀνχέμαχον πατρίδ' ὁπλισσ[άμενοι]. However, it was also noted that there some letters are visible before ορός, which make the restoration as πύ[ργοις δ]ορός very implausible. Therefore, other scholars prefer to give the more austere lecture of: ὅ̣ρων πύ[---]φͺορος ἀλκῆς vv αἰὲν ἐς ἀνχέμαχον πατρίδ' ὁπλισσ[άμενοι]. An interesting analogy exists of this inscription in terms of the shape in IG II 2 2051, which is also an ephebic list (dated to the 140s AD) placed on a round shield of the type of the hoplites aspis, but on its internal, concave surface (see P. Graindor, Album d’inscriptions Attiques d’epoque imperiale. Paris 1924, table 45).
  • Curator's comments

    Cook 2011, nr 156:
    ‘A greek inscription upon a circular shield, three feet in diameter, containing the names of ye EHBOI of Athens under the Cosmetes Alcamenes, and of the Tribes to which they belonged. It was brought to England by the late Doctor Ant: Askew from Athens, where it was found’ (TY 12/2, dining room 2).
    Bought from Lyde Browne, probably in July 1775, for £20 (TY 10/5-6; TY 10/3, fo. 13) or £10 (TY 12/1).

    Drawings: B. F. Cook, `The Townley Marbles in Westminster and Bloomsbury', The British Museum Yearbook, 2 (1977), 42-43, figs. 24-25, no. 3.

    Bibliography:
    - Synopsis (1808), III.36;
    - AMBM, II, pl. 36;
    - GIBM 44; IG II2, 2191;
    - Cook, Inscriptions, 24-5, fig. 16.Bibliography:

    - T. Combe, A description of the collection of ancient marbles in the British Museum, vol. II, London 1815.
    - S. G. Byrne, Roman citizens of Athens, Leuven/Dudley, Mass., 2003.
    - W. Peek, Eine Attische Epheben-Inschrift, Epigraphica 19 (1957), s. 87-92.
    - P. Wilson, A Corpus of Ephebic Inscriptions from Roman Athens 31 B.C. – 267 A.D., 1992.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • IG II-III 2191 bibliographic details
    • CIG 284 bibliographic details
    • Inscription 44 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1805

  • Acquisition notes

    Catalogue records: Procured at Athens by Anthony Askew, MD. He discovered it in a church and was informed that it had been removed from the Parthenon.

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1805,0703.232

Marble shield with a list of young men enrolled as Ephebes at Athens, with Alkamenes as trainer. Athenians are listed first in tribes followed by the foreigners who had comes to Athens to complete their education.

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