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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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ring brooch

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Ring brooch; bronze-gilt; inscribed.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    28 January 1998

    Treatment proposal

    Clean to clarify inscription and to reveal guilding.


    On face: soil, dirt, and copper corrosion products obscuring lettering on brooch. Guilding visible in areas, suggesting more would be found under the corrosion. On surface of lettering all guilding worn off. Pockets of cuprite also visible.

    Treatment details

    Soil, dirt and corrosion products removed mechanically with a scalpel, revealing guilding on surface of brooch and sides of lettering. 30% formic acid was applied on a cotton wool swab to further remove any remaining copper carbonate; these areas were then swabbed with distilled water.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCM7333

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