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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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bell krater

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery: red-figure bell krater: three youths dancing with baskets on their heads; reverse: three draped youths.

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 420BC-390BC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 84.2 centimetres
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    29 November 1993

    Treatment proposal

    Desalinate, lightly clean inside of vessel. Fill small chip and paint. Desalination carried out by a previous member of staff. JR


    Small chip missing. Interior dirty. Previously desalinated by Nigel Williams and crack filled and retouched.

    Treatment details

    Desalination by Nigel Williams Date Tap water Wash Water 14 2 92 71.3 05 3 92 59.1 65.3 10 3 92 62.2 67 11 3 92 62.4 65.7 12 3 92 60.3 68.2 13 3 92 63 69.8 16 3 92 65.3 68.3 17 3 92 68.5 70.1 18 3 92 65.1 70.9 19 3 92 70.3 71.1 Interior cleaned with a soft brush followed with tap water and a few drops of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate), using cotton wool swabs. After cleaning, surface rinsed with distilled water on cotton wool swabs or a Kleenex tissue. Surface wiped with a dry Kleenex tissue to remove any remaining distilled water. Missing area filled with Polyfilla fine surface (calcium carbonate, polyvinyl acetate). Fill smoothed with various grades of abrasive papers. Painted with Rustin's white polish (bleached shellac,ethanol,methanol) and Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) and Winsor and Newton fine dry artist's pigments (comp. variable) applied with a sable brush. Polished with various grades of Micromesh abrasive papers.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: GAA38812

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