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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Description

    Bronze lamp with a deep rounded body and two flat-topped nozzles with rounded ends and semicircular wick-holes, flanked by volutes with spines at the wick-hole and knobs at the body end. At the rear is an applied bust of a maenad. The concave filling-hole area is surrounded by a raised rim, perhaps applied; there is a central filling-hole and three subsidiary holes. The volute-knobs are pierced for suspension, and there is a suspension-lug at the rear of the maenad's head. To these points are attached lengths of loop-in-loop chain, perhaps not ancient, coming together at a ring with a further chain an a spiked hook (ancient). The base-ring is concave within, the inner surface very rough.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 200-400 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 14 centimetres
    • Width: 12.4 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Lamp Q3770 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: GAA40322

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