pendant / diadem
Gold pendant from a diadem, one of six similar, from a group of seven in total. The pendant is made up of a large sheet-gold seventeen-petalled rosette with details in spiral-beaded wire and a central garnet in a plain setting (missing from four of the six). At the top and bottom of the rosette are two rings. From each of the bottom rings hangs a chain. Half-way down these chains is threaded a large, plain spherical bead, made in top and bottom halves pinched together over the chain to hold it in place. The ends of both chains are attached to a ring on top of a smaller plain spherical bead (also in top and bottom halves), from the bottom of which hang five short chains. On the end of each of these chains is a disc with blue enamel and an open seed-head, inside which is a rosette. (Of the six, four are missing one seed-head; the same four as are missing the garnet.)
- Excavated/Findspot: Kyme (said to be from)
- (Asia,Turkey,Marmara Region,Kyme (Aeolis))
- Height: 7 centimetres
- Diameter: 1.5 centimetres (of rosette)
- Weight: 4.4 grammes
Williams and Ogden 1994
Part of the group BM GR 1877.9-10.2-8.
These pendants may well have hung from some complex diadem as represented on a later terracotta from Myrina, but the multiple suspension loops above are puzzling. Were they needed because the band of the diadem was made of fabric rather than metal, or was there some sort of network of chains above?
The use of asphodel seed-pods recurs on the tie-necklet perhaps from Mytilene (New York MMA 99.25). Stylistic and floral elements link this diadem with other East Greek jewellery.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: BMCJ 1936-41 and 1942 (the elaborate example); Higgins GRJ2, p. 158; Pfrommer, p. 241 with n. 1871. Myrina terracotta: S. Mollard-Besques, Catalogue raisonné des figurines et reliefs en terre-cuite grecs et romains, II: Myrina (Paris 1963), pl. 38b, no. 661.
28 June 1993
Surface clean - remove mud. (watch out for enamel)
Dirty. Thick white soil deposit over much of surface. Areas of incrustation. One flower head pendant missing. Enamel lost from three of the studs, apart from two small fragments in one, and intact in the remaining one, but slightly loose. Central sliding bead crushed on one side.
Cleaned in Detarol (n-hydroxylethyl ethylenediaminetriacetic acid,trisodium salt) 10% in distilled water, washed in tap water containing a drop of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate) The bulk of the white deposit and incrustations removed using a very fine needle in a pin-vice, final wash in tap water. Loose enamel secured with Loctite SuperGlue 3, cyanoacrylate.
Greek & Roman Antiquities
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Object reference number: GAA40554
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