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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Finger-ring; silver-gilt; channelled hoop expanding to the bezel, where there are eight loops, from six of which hang cup-shaped pendants, from the central two hang a tiny flower shape in wire; in the interior four goldsmiths' stamps.

  • Date

    • 19thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 0.9 inches
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        maker's mark
      • Inscription Position

        interior of hoop
      • Inscription Content

        HB monigram in a circular stamp, together with seven dots within a trapezoid shield, a tower in ovel shield, the letter H (?) in a circular stamp, and the number 49 (?) also in a circular stamp.
      • Inscription Comment

        The trapezoid shield with seven dots are the tower are the town marks of Bergen.
        49 is the date letter, ie. 1849.
        The letter H (?) is probably the warden's mark of Christen Hoff (1821-60).
  • Curator's comments

    For a similar ring see Chadour 1994 no 1905. A pencilled note in Dalton by J. Rudoe, 'Bergen town marks: seven dots and tower. Maker's mark HB and date stamp.

  • Bibliography

    • Dalton 1912 2268 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCN545

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