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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Pottery: coarse ware unguentarium; brick-red clay with superabundant black particles, iron and black mica; overall off-white slip; cupped bevelled rim, very tall cylindrical neck and elongated ovoid body with bevelled ring foot; handle with sub-oval section, two ribs; light horizontal ribbing on upper part of body.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1stC-2ndC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 5.5 centimetres (rim)
    • Diameter: 7.5 centimetres (base)
    • Height: 37.3 centimetres
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    9 July 2002

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal



    Stable condition, but surface very dirty and ingrained.

    Treatment details

    Surface first dry cleaned using Wishab sponge (vulcanized latex,filler). Putty rubber was also used to try and remove ingrained areas of dirt.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: GAA45209

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