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prize/trophy / panathenaic amphora

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1866,0415.248

  • Description

    Pottery: Panathenaic amphora. Obverse archaistic style. Designs in panels, as before; neck with double honeysuckle pattern, with elongated tongue-pattern below.
    (a) Athene standing to left between two Doric columns, with left foot advanced, and right arm drawn back brandishing spear; she has a high-crested helmet (peak, cheek-pieces turned up, volute-patterns, very large crest with plume reaching nearly to the waist), aegis with scales and borders of snakes both sides, long chiton with girdle and diploidion reaching to the knees, ornamented with white; on left arm a shield with device of a star of sixteen points, between them dots; lower on the shield is incised YHY; on the antyx (border) are white spots. She has a necklace, and long hair, which is buff on the neck but rendered in incised lines over the aegis. On each column, turned towards Athene, is a figure of Triptolemos seated in his winged chariot, with a serpent at his side; he has long hair with a white wreath, and a himation over his lower limbs, in one hand two ears of corn. On the right of the column on the left is an inscription. A further inscription on the left of the other.
    (b) Two nude beardless athletes engaged in the pancration (wrestling): The one on the left has the other's head in his left arm, and is about to strike him with his right hand; the other tries to release himself by pressing left hand against the forehead of the first, and repelling his blow with right hand. On the right is a paidotribes (trainer), or ephedros (odd contestant with a bye to the next round), looking on, nude and beardless, with left hand on thigh, right extended; on the left is a brabeus (adjudicator) to right, bearded, with olive-wreath and himation over lower limbs, in right hand a palm-branch.

    More 

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 365BC-360BC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 71.4 centimetres
    • Width: 36 centimetres
    • Weight: 7 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Greek
      • Inscription Position

        Columns
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Content

        Right: ΤΟΝΑΘΕΝΕΘΕΝΑΘΛΟΝ
        Left: ΚΙΤΤΟΣ ΕΠOIΕΣΕΝ, Κιττος έποίησεν.
      • Inscription Translation

        Right: One of the prices from Athens
        Left: Kittos made it
      • Inscription Comment

        Written 'kionedon' - letters horizontal cf. vertical, but still down the column.
  • Curator's comments

    BM Cat. Vases

    Mon. dell’ Inst. x. 48b and 48g, 12; Dennis, Trans. Roy. Soc. Lit. Ser. 2, ix. pt. 1, p. 170, No. 3; Stephani, Compte-Rendu, 1876, p. 42; Ann. dell’ Inst. 1877, p. 326; Klein, Meistersig. p. 86.

  • Bibliography

    • Vase B604 bibliographic details
    • Old Catalogue C.114 bibliographic details
    • CVA British Museum 1 III H f Pl. 2, 1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G20/5

  • Condition

    Repaired and restored.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    30 October 1995

    Treatment proposal

    Consolidate crack, remove excess adhesive.

    Condition

    Previously reconstructed. Hairline crack running down from rim. Excess (old) adhesive in areas, of a reddish colour. Joins sound. Surface dirt.

    Treatment details

    Cleaned with distilled water and a few drops of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate), using cotton wool swabs on a satay stick. After cleaning, surface rinsed with distilled water on cotton wool swabs or a Kleenex tissue. Surface wiped with a dry Kleenex tissue to remove any remaining distilled water. Crack consolidated using 10 % Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in 50:50 Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) and acetone applied with a micropipette. Excess consolidant removed with acetone applied on cotton wool swabs on a satay stick. Removed excess adhesive manually using a scalpel blade.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1866

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1866,0415.248

Pottery: Panathenaic amphora; Athena between two Doric columns topped by figures of Triptolemus in chariot; inscription TONATHENETHENATHLON to left of Athena, KITTOS EPOISEN to right.

Pottery: Panathenaic amphora; Athena between two Doric columns topped by figures of Triptolemus in chariot; inscription TONATHENETHENATHLON to left of Athena, KITTOS EPOISEN to right.

Image description

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Object reference number: GAA49601

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