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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Parina marble relief; attendant leading bull with halter and sashes to right.

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 27 centimetres (max)
  • Curator's comments

    Cook 2011, nr 6:
    ‘A Bas relief of a ferialis leading a bull to sacrifice’ (TY 8/2), perhaps the ‘small relief’ registered as 1805,0703.262 on the basis of Combe’s Supplementary list and Receipt, but marked ‘not found’ in the 1848 Register.
    Bought from Brenna on 19 April 1768 for 12 Scudi (TY 8/2, TY 10/5), rendered by Townley as £12 in TY 10/3.

    - H. Ellis (Sir), The Townley Gallery of Classic Sculpture in the British Museum, Vol. II (London 1846), 202.
    - Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum (1837) XI.3.1.
    - A. H. Smith, A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, Vol. III (London 1904), 434-5, no. 2663, fig. 72.
    - B. F. Cook, `The Townley Marbles in Westminster and Bloomsbury', The British Museum Yearbook, 2 (1977), 72, no. 19.


  • Bibliography

    • Sculpture 2663 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    Found unregistered in Department.

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1973,0103.22
Parina marble relief; attendant leading bull with halter and sashes to right.



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Object reference number: GAA65390

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