prize/trophy / panathenaic amphora
Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora. Designs black on buff panels, which are separated from the neck of the vase, with incised lines and accessories of white and purple. (a) On the neck: a Siren to right, with left wing advanced, to give the idea of perspective. On the body: Athena to left, standing with right foot and right arm drawn back, both feet flat on the ground; she brandishes her spear in right hand; she has long hair, aegis with a fringe of snakes, long purple sleeveless chiton, with borders of maeander pattern incised on black ground, and girt at the waist with a broad girdle, over which hangs a diploidion; her face and arms are white; she has a high-crested helmet, and her left arm is advanced, with a shield on which is the device of a dolphin to left painted in white. In front of her, an inscription.
(b) On the neck: an owl to right; wings as the Siren on the other side. On the body, chariot-race: A biga driven to right by a beardless charioteer, who, as usual in the biga race, sits with his feet hanging on a board in front; he wears a purple sleeveless chiton, and holds a goad in right hand, and in left the kalaurops, a long rod terminating in a crook, from which hang two pointed objects of metal, to incite the horses by their jingling. The horses are yoked by a purple collar to a transverse bar fastened to the pole. The biga is in shape not unlike a gig; the wheel has no spokes, but a diametrical bar crossed by two at right angles.
- 565BC-560BC (circa)
- Made in: Attica
- (Europe,Greece,Attica (Greece))
- Excavated/Findspot: Athens
- Height: 61.2 centimetres
Inscription Contentτων 'Αθηνήθ[ε]ν άθλων έμί
Inscription TranslationOne of the prizes from Athens
Inscription CommentThe inscription as it appears on the amphora is retrograde.
BM Cat. Vases
Millingen, Anc. Uned. Monuments, i. pls. 1-3; Inghirami, Mon. Etrusc. v. pls, 33, 34; Dubois-Maisonneuve, Introd. pl. 82; Müller, Denkm. d. a. Kunst. pl. 17, fig. 91; Mon. dell’ Inst. x. pls. 48 i, 48 k, and Ann. 1877, p. 299, 1878, p. 276; Rayet and Collignon, pp. 135, 142; Harrison and Verrall, p. 458; Baumeister, p. 1152; Encycl. Brit. xix. p. 612; Brondsted in Trans. Roy. Soc. Lit. ii., p. 103; Gerhard, Gesammelte Abhandl. pl. 25, 14; J. H. S. ii. pl. 15, fig. 7 (owl on neck); Stephani, Compte-Rendu, 1866, p. 59, 1876, pp. 35, 49 ; Abhandl. d. Münchener Akad. d. Wiss. Philol.-Hist. Cl. pt. iv. 1 (1844), p. 66; Dumont and Chaplain, p. 316; Loeschcke, in Ann. dell’ Inst, 1878, p. 309 (gives date c. 550 B.C.); Μüller, Handbuch, § 99, 3; for the inscription, Boeckh, C. I. Gr. i. 33, p. 49; Rose, Inscr. Gr. Vet. p. 14, pl. 2.
For the sirens, see J.H.S. ii pl. 15, fig. 7. For the biga, see Baumeister, pl. i. 13 a, J. H. S. vi. p. 364 ff., and a bronze wheel in Olympia, pt. iv. pi. 25, no. 510.
On display: G13/dc8
Reverse much repaired.
Greek & Roman Antiquities
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Object reference number: GAA4551
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