What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

cup

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1843,1103.45

  • Description

    Pottery: red-figured cup. Foot now removed.
    INTERIOR: seated man at altar. A bearded man sits to the right on a plain stool clad in a himation (black border). With his right hand he pours a libation from a phiale over an altar, his left rests on the crutch of a plain stick. He wears a reserved apicate fillet and has high relief dots for the curls of his hair below it. His mouth is slightly open, suggesting the prayer that goes with a libation. The phiale is of the lobed or bossed type (relief line lobes, dilute glaze dashes within): the wine of the libation being poured is shown by a splash of red that covers the end of the phiale and the edge of the altar. The altar has two further splashes of red on it, presumably from an earlier sacrifice. Its top has an ovolo moulding above which is a volute-ended crown and a fire-brick. In the field on the right hangs a cup, seen from underneath. On the left of the man are hung a sponge, aryballos (circumscribed cross) and net bag with a loop at the bottom. Reserved exergue with a line at the top.
    Border: alternating false maeander (twelve-stroke, alternately clockwise and anticlockwise; repeated clockwise unit at three o'clock) and blackened cross-square.
    EXTERIOR: komos.
    Side A (upper): four dancing komasts and another. On the far left, a man moves to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He wears a himation with a black border (as all the other komasts on the exterior) over his shoulders, his left hand holding up a bunch of folds above his left shoulder. His right hand must have held the plain stick (fragment with hand, shoulder and touch of forehead, with palmette, missing), which crosses his body. He, like all the other komasts, wears a thick reserved headband decorated with wavy dilute glaze lines and has relief dots over neck and forehead. The next komast moves to the right, but again looks back and down to the left. He has his himation over his shoulders and similarly picks at the folds on his left shoulder. He holds a large black skyphos in his right hand in front of his chest. It has a reserved lip and a reserved band below handle level. His right leg is shown in an awkward three-quarter view and his torso is frontal. In the centre a dancing man is shown in a particularly lively pose. He wears a himation over his shoulders and up over the back of his head. His legs are splayed, the right one bent up high; his torso frontal. His hands are clasped together on the right, the fingers and thumbs clearly entwined, index fingers raised. To the right of him a man moves to the left, head turned back to the right and up. His left arm and shoulder are covered with a himation; his right arm is bent up with the fingers slightly spread. His torso is frontal and his left foot seen in three-quarter frontal view. On the far right a man wearing a himation in the normal fashion moves to the left. He holds a cup in his left hand, handle towards the viewer. His right arm is raised, as if directing the dancers.
    Side Β (lower): five komasts, one with frontal head. On the far left is a man moving to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He has a himation over his shoulders (his left shoulder is missing) and holds a cup by its handle in his left hand (index finger pointed). He puts his right hand up to his thick reserved headband. To the right of him a man moves to the right, seen fully in profile, with a himation over his right upper arm and left shoulder. He holds a cup out in his right hand. His left hand is also outstretched, as if to catch any drips. In the centre a man with a himation round his shoulders moves to the left. He holds a skyphos in his left hand, which he seems to look down at with intense concentration, and holds up his right hand. His penis is infibulated. On the right a man moves away to the right, but looks back and down to the left, his torso frontal. He holds a black cup in his left hand and holds his right up in the air. On the far right a man moves to the left, a himation round his shoulders. His head is fully frontal. He holds a cup in his left hand by the foot (handle outwards) and his right hand reaches up to his thick headband.
    At either handle: floral complex with a circumscribed palmette either side of the handles and a pair of addorsed palmettes under the handles; spiral terminals and dots.
    Ground line: single reserved line.
    Relief line contour throughout (double for hair); dilute glaze for minor interior markings; reserved line inside and outside lip; inscriptions in added red.

    More 

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 490BC-480BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 37 centimetres
    • Diameter: 29.1 centimetres
    • Diameter: 19.2 centimetres (of tondo)
    • Diameter: 10.9 centimetres (of exterior ground line)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Greek
      • Inscription Position

        Interior
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Content

        HOΠAIΣ KALOΣ
  • Curator's comments

    CVA British Museum 9

    Bibliography: Mus. Étrusque no. 1538; Murray DGV no. 33; Hartwig Μ 622 no. 9, 686 no. 51; Hoppin i 282 no. 72; AV 203, 49; ARV 285, 76; Bloesch FAS 99 no. 29; ARV2 435, 87; Wegner Duris 174-6; Beazley Add2 238; Buitron-Oliver Douris no. 131.

    Attributed by Hartwig to Douris. Beazley placed the cup in that artist's middle period (period 3, Hippodaman); Buitron-Oliver puts it in her Middle II. Bloesch attributed the potting to Python.
    Douris seems to have depicted the komos rather less frequently than many of his contemporary cup-painters. The members of this komos are solely bearded men: this restriction recurs on three other cups of the same period (Vase E54; ARV2 435-6, 95; Tarquinia 87784, Ferrari Tarquinia no. 53,pl. 76, 2) and on one early middle piece (ARV2 431, 45, also with a frontal-headed komast at the end of the queue). On a transitional, period 4, cup (ARV2 438, 133) two youths are included.
    The two figures on the left of side A seem to be dancing in unison. The central figure is a real tour de force. The pose of the legs, splayed with one raised, can be traced back to Euphronios (see Vase E46); for a contemporary occurrence compare a cup by Makron (Getty S.80.AE.251 [Bareiss 51]: Bareiss Checklist no. 158). The motif of the clasped hands is probably taken from the dance called the oklasma: see F. Wege, Der Tanz in der Antike (Halle 1926) 97-8, figs. 148-56; A.E. Kalpaxis in HA. Cahn and E. Simon (eds.), ΤΑΙΝΙΑ. Festschrift für Roland Hampe (Mainz 1980) 299. It recurs on a Dourian cup in Basel (ARV2 1653 add as 10 bis; CVA Basel 2, pls. 21-2).
    For the net bags see Vase E52 etc. For cups seen from underneath see Vase E49. For fire-bricks see Vase E65. For infibulation by athletes see Vase E818. Komasts, however, are also, on occasion, to be seen infibulated (e.g. Vase E54). Sweet Sport and Recreation (132 fig. 44) suggests that this is because the komast was 'in training'. Satyrs too are sometimes shown infibulated (ARV2 446, 262, satyrs cavorting; 501, 35, satyr arming).

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • CVA British Museum 9 22 bibliographic details
    • Old Catalogue 846 bibliographic details
    • Vase E53 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Made up from fragments; one large and two small fragments missing; alien foot removed.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1843

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1843,1103.45

Pottery: red-figured cup. Foot now removed.
INTERIOR:  seated man at altar. A bearded man sits to the right on a plain stool clad in a himation (black border). With his right hand he pours a libation from a phiale over an altar, his left rests on the crutch of a plain stick. He wears a reserved apicate fillet and has high relief dots for the curls of his hair below it. His mouth is slightly open, suggesting the prayer that goes with a libation. The phiale is of the lobed or bossed type (relief line lobes, dilute glaze dashes within): the wine of the libation being poured is shown by a splash of red that covers the end of the phiale and the edge of the altar. The altar has two further splashes of red on it, presumably from an earlier sacrifice. Its top has an ovolo moulding above which is a volute-ended crown and a fire-brick. In the field on the right hangs a cup, seen from underneath. On the left of the man are hung a sponge, aryballos (circumscribed cross) and net bag with a loop at the bottom. Reserved exergue with a line at the top.
Border: alternating false maeander (twelve-stroke, alternately clockwise and anticlockwise; repeated clockwise unit at three o'clock) and blackened cross-square.
EXTERIOR:  komos. 
Side A (upper): four dancing komasts and another. On the far left, a man moves to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He wears a himation with a black border (as all the other komasts on the exterior) over his shoulders, his left hand holding up a bunch of folds above his left shoulder. His right hand must have held the plain stick (fragment with hand, shoulder and touch of forehead, with palmette, missing), which crosses his body. He, like all the other komasts, wears a thick reserved headband decorated with wavy dilute glaze lines and has relief dots over neck and forehead. The next komast moves to the right, but again looks back and down to the left. He has his himation over his shoulders and similarly picks at the folds on his left shoulder. He holds a large black skyphos in his right hand in front of his chest. It has a reserved lip and a reserved band below handle level. His right leg is shown in an awkward three-quarter view and his torso is frontal. In the centre a dancing man is shown in a particularly lively pose. He wears a himation over his shoulders and up over the back of his head. His legs are splayed, the right one bent up high; his torso frontal. His hands are clasped together on the right, the fingers and thumbs clearly entwined, index fingers raised. To the right of him a man moves to the left, head turned back to the right and up. His left arm and shoulder are covered with a himation; his right arm is bent up with the fingers slightly spread. His torso is frontal and his left foot seen in three-quarter frontal view. On the far right a man wearing a himation in the normal fashion moves to the left. He holds a cup in his left hand, handle towards the viewer. His right arm is raised, as if directing the dancers.
Side ? (lower): five komasts, one with frontal head. On the far left is a man moving to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He has a himation over his shoulders (his left shoulder is missing) and holds a cup by its handle in his left hand (index finger pointed). He puts his right hand up to his thick reserved headband. To the right of him a man moves to the right, seen fully in profile, with a himation over his right upper arm and left shoulder. He holds a cup out in his right hand. His left hand is also outstretched, as if to catch any drips. In the centre a man with a himation round his shoulders moves to the left. He holds a skyphos in his left hand, which he seems to look down at with intense concentration, and holds up his right hand. His penis is infibulated. On the right a man moves away to the right, but looks back and down to the left, his torso frontal. He holds a black cup in his left hand and holds his right up in the air. On the far right a man moves to the left, a himation round his shoulders. His head is fully frontal. He holds a cup in his left hand by the foot (handle outwards) and his right hand reaches up to his thick headband.
At either handle: floral complex with a circumscribed palmette either side of the handles and a pair of addorsed palmettes under the handles; spiral terminals and dots. 
Ground line: single reserved line.
Relief line contour throughout (double for hair); dilute glaze for minor interior markings; reserved line inside and outside lip; inscriptions in added red.

Pottery: red-figured cup. Foot now removed. INTERIOR: seated man at altar. A bearded man sits to the right on a plain stool clad in a himation (black border). With his right hand he pours a libation from a phiale over an altar, his left rests on the crutch of a plain stick. He wears a reserved apicate fillet and has high relief dots for the curls of his hair below it. His mouth is slightly open, suggesting the prayer that goes with a libation. The phiale is of the lobed or bossed type (relief line lobes, dilute glaze dashes within): the wine of the libation being poured is shown by a splash of red that covers the end of the phiale and the edge of the altar. The altar has two further splashes of red on it, presumably from an earlier sacrifice. Its top has an ovolo moulding above which is a volute-ended crown and a fire-brick. In the field on the right hangs a cup, seen from underneath. On the left of the man are hung a sponge, aryballos (circumscribed cross) and net bag with a loop at the bottom. Reserved exergue with a line at the top. Border: alternating false maeander (twelve-stroke, alternately clockwise and anticlockwise; repeated clockwise unit at three o'clock) and blackened cross-square. EXTERIOR: komos. Side A (upper): four dancing komasts and another. On the far left, a man moves to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He wears a himation with a black border (as all the other komasts on the exterior) over his shoulders, his left hand holding up a bunch of folds above his left shoulder. His right hand must have held the plain stick (fragment with hand, shoulder and touch of forehead, with palmette, missing), which crosses his body. He, like all the other komasts, wears a thick reserved headband decorated with wavy dilute glaze lines and has relief dots over neck and forehead. The next komast moves to the right, but again looks back and down to the left. He has his himation over his shoulders and similarly picks at the folds on his left shoulder. He holds a large black skyphos in his right hand in front of his chest. It has a reserved lip and a reserved band below handle level. His right leg is shown in an awkward three-quarter view and his torso is frontal. In the centre a dancing man is shown in a particularly lively pose. He wears a himation over his shoulders and up over the back of his head. His legs are splayed, the right one bent up high; his torso frontal. His hands are clasped together on the right, the fingers and thumbs clearly entwined, index fingers raised. To the right of him a man moves to the left, head turned back to the right and up. His left arm and shoulder are covered with a himation; his right arm is bent up with the fingers slightly spread. His torso is frontal and his left foot seen in three-quarter frontal view. On the far right a man wearing a himation in the normal fashion moves to the left. He holds a cup in his left hand, handle towards the viewer. His right arm is raised, as if directing the dancers. Side ? (lower): five komasts, one with frontal head. On the far left is a man moving to the right, but with his head turned back and down to the left. He has a himation over his shoulders (his left shoulder is missing) and holds a cup by its handle in his left hand (index finger pointed). He puts his right hand up to his thick reserved headband. To the right of him a man moves to the right, seen fully in profile, with a himation over his right upper arm and left shoulder. He holds a cup out in his right hand. His left hand is also outstretched, as if to catch any drips. In the centre a man with a himation round his shoulders moves to the left. He holds a skyphos in his left hand, which he seems to look down at with intense concentration, and holds up his right hand. His penis is infibulated. On the right a man moves away to the right, but looks back and down to the left, his torso frontal. He holds a black cup in his left hand and holds his right up in the air. On the far right a man moves to the left, a himation round his shoulders. His head is fully frontal. He holds a cup in his left hand by the foot (handle outwards) and his right hand reaches up to his thick headband. At either handle: floral complex with a circumscribed palmette either side of the handles and a pair of addorsed palmettes under the handles; spiral terminals and dots. Ground line: single reserved line. Relief line contour throughout (double for hair); dilute glaze for minor interior markings; reserved line inside and outside lip; inscriptions in added red.

Image description

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: GAA7088

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...