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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery: black-figured neck-amphora. Designs in black (turning to red on reverse) on red panels; accessories of white and purple, faded.
    On the neck: (a) Two wrestlers about to engage, nude and bearded; the one on the right grasps the other's right arm with both hands. Behind each is a paidotribes (trainer), bearded, in a striped himation.
    (b) Similar design, but instead of the wrestlers, boxers advancing towards each other; paidotribes each side, as before.
    On the body: (a) Two mounted warriors side by side to left: the nearer one is dismounting; he has lofty visored helmet, greaves, and shield with device of a boar springing to left; the other one is nearly obliterated; he carries a spear. In front of them is a nude youth to left looking back; behind them, a bearded figure to left with fillet and chlamys, holding spear.
    (b) In the centre Ares to left, with visored double-crested helmet, greaves, and shield, the device on which is a Centaur to left with right foreleg raised, brandishing a pine-tree. Facing him is Poseidon, bearded, with long hair, fillet, long chiton and bordered himation, in left hand a trident. Behind Ares is Hermes to left, bearded, with long hair, petasos, short chiton, striped chlamys, endromides, caduceus in left hand, right hand raised.


  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 540BC (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 31 centimetres
    • Width: 26 centimetres
    • Weight: 2.05 kilograms
  • Curator's comments

    BM Cat. Vases

    Krause, Gymn. pl. xii. 34.

  • Bibliography

    • Vase B191 bibliographic details
    • CVA British Museum 3 III H e Pl. 44, 5 bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2010-2012 20 Oct-9 Dec, Luton, Wardown Park, Ancient Greeks

  • Condition

    Badly damaged.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: GAA9431

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