prize/trophy / Panathenaic amphora
Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora. Free style, with few archaisms. Designs on panels with accessories of white and buff. On the neck, double honeysuckle-pattern.
(a) Athene standing to right between two Doric columns, with left foot advanced, spear in right hand, and shield with wave-border on left arm. She has earrings, bracelets and a necklace of pendants, picked out in buff; high-crested helmet ornamented with volutes, and aegis, of which only the Gorgoneion and two white cross-bands remain; long chiton with diploidion, and himation. On each column is a Nike turned to the front, standing on the prow of a ship on which two eyes are incised; she has wings outspread, a wreath, white chiton, and himation leaving the upper part of the body nude, and holds out a wreath in both hands. Down the side of the column on the right is an inscription. Down the side of the other column is a further inscription.
(b) Pancration (wrestling): An athlete to right, nude and bearded, with face turned to the front, has the head of a similar athlete to left in his left arm, and is about to strike him with his right hand; the other tries to release his head. On the left is an ephedros (odd contestant with a bye to the next round), nude and beardless, turned to the front, with right hand on hip; on the right is a brabeus (adjudicator) to left, with face turned half to the front, wearing a white wreath and himation, right hand holding out a palm-branch, in left a wreath.
- Made in: Attica
- (Europe,Greece,Attica (Greece))
- Excavated/Findspot: Capua
- (Europe,Italy,Campania,Caserta (province),Capua)
- Height: 77 centimetres
- Width: 37.5 centimetres
- Weight: 6 kilograms
Inscription Translation(When) Niketes was archon.
One of the prizes from Athens.
Inscription CommentInscribed 'kionedon' (letters horizontal cf. vertical, but still down the column). Niketes held office in 332 B.C.
BM Cat. Vases
Mon. dell' Inst. x. 47d and 48f, 5; Ann. dell’ Inst. 1877, p. 317; Bull. dell’ Inst. 1872, p. 38, no. 1; Urlichs, der Vasenmaler Brygos, p. 1; Stephani, Compte-Rendu, 1876, p. 42.
The prows of ships of which the Nikes stand may refer to a naval victory around the time of the Panathenaic games.
1980 5 Jun- 26 Oct, London, BM, The Ancient Olympic Games
Greek & Roman Antiquities
Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora, with the goddess Athena on one side, and competitors in the `Pankration' on the other. Inscriptions beside the columns read "One of the prizes from Athens" and "In the archonship of Niketes".
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Object reference number: GAA9502
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