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prize/trophy / Panathenaic amphora

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1873,0820.370

  • Description

    Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora. Free style, with few archaisms. Designs on panels with accessories of white and buff. On the neck, double honeysuckle-pattern.
    (a) Athene standing to right between two Doric columns, with left foot advanced, spear in right hand, and shield with wave-border on left arm. She has earrings, bracelets and a necklace of pendants, picked out in buff; high-crested helmet ornamented with volutes, and aegis, of which only the Gorgoneion and two white cross-bands remain; long chiton with diploidion, and himation. On each column is a Nike turned to the front, standing on the prow of a ship on which two eyes are incised; she has wings outspread, a wreath, white chiton, and himation leaving the upper part of the body nude, and holds out a wreath in both hands. Down the side of the column on the right is an inscription. Down the side of the other column is a further inscription.
    (b) Pancration (wrestling): An athlete to right, nude and bearded, with face turned to the front, has the head of a similar athlete to left in his left arm, and is about to strike him with his right hand; the other tries to release his head. On the left is an ephedros (odd contestant with a bye to the next round), nude and beardless, turned to the front, with right hand on hip; on the right is a brabeus (adjudicator) to left, with face turned half to the front, wearing a white wreath and himation, right hand holding out a palm-branch, in left a wreath.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 332BC-331BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 77 centimetres
    • Width: 37.5 centimetres
    • Weight: 6 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Greek
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Content

        ΝIΚΗΤΗΣΑΡΧΩΝ.
        ΤΩΝΑΘΗΝΗΘΕΝΑΘΛΩΝ.
      • Inscription Translation

        (When) Niketes was archon.
        One of the prizes from Athens.
      • Inscription Comment

        Inscribed 'kionedon' (letters horizontal cf. vertical, but still down the column). Niketes held office in 332 B.C.
  • Curator's comments

    BM Cat. Vases

    Mon. dell' Inst. x. 47d and 48f, 5; Ann. dell’ Inst. 1877, p. 317; Bull. dell’ Inst. 1872, p. 38, no. 1; Urlichs, der Vasenmaler Brygos, p. 1; Stephani, Compte-Rendu, 1876, p. 42.
    The prows of ships of which the Nikes stand may refer to a naval victory around the time of the Panathenaic games.

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  • Bibliography

    • Vase B610 bibliographic details
    • CVA British Museum 1 III H f Pl. 4, 3 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G20/1

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1980 5 Jun- 26 Oct, London, BM, The Ancient Olympic Games

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1873

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1873,0820.370

Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora, with the goddess Athena on one side, and competitors in the `Pankration' on the other. Inscriptions beside the columns read "One of the prizes from Athens" and "In the archonship of Niketes".

Pottery: black-figured Panathenaic amphora, with the goddess Athena on one side, and competitors in the `Pankration' on the other. Inscriptions beside the columns read "One of the prizes from Athens" and "In the archonship of Niketes".

Image description

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Object reference number: GAA9502

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