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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Description

    Pottery: two joined sherds from a red-figured krater.
    Combat. A warrior, of whom the back part of the helmet and crest and most of his shield is preserved, has fallen backward to left, supporting himself on the edge of his shield with his right arm, spear in right hand to protect himself against an opponent of whom only a part of the right thigh is preserved. The shield has for device two dolphins in silhouette, the upper to right, the lower to left, and surrounded by an imitation (?) inscription, ... -OAΣK... [possibly ό δείνα καλός; the spacing of the letters would suit such an inscription].
    Drawing, late. Part of the ivy pattern forming the left-hand border is preserved.


  • Culture/period

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  • Dimensions

    • Height: 4.5 centimetres (max)
    • Width: 4.6 centimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

      • Inscription Comment

        possibly an imitation inscription
  • Bibliography

    • Old Catalogue 998d bibliographic details
    • Vase E509.8 bibliographic details
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  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

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Object reference number: GAA54549

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