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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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cloth-seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    OA.9241

  • Description

    Cloth-mark; lead; inner disc from four part Hanseatic seal, probably for cloths exported from England; shield with orb surmounted by cross; corroded.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1630-1649 (?)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 26 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Part of OA.9240Eighteen complete seals combinig the devices on the two preceding discs were recovered, along with a large number of definite English seals, from a wreck off the coast of Norway dated to the 1630s or 1640s (Molaug 1980, 175-6). These Germanic symbols do not necessarily imply a Continental origin (this seems particulary unlikely for the parallels found on the wreck, in the absence of any accompanying Continental town seals, and this assemblage incudes further, large, four-part seals with a crown over a double-headed eagle on one disc and what seems to be a variation of the unequivocally English crowned-rose design of Nos. 197-9 on the other main disc); they could well be Hanseatic issues from one of the organisation's English outstations (there were offices in Ipswich and at the Steelyard in London; see on No. M.14 in Appendix 2).
    (Egan 1994)

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Egan 1994 337 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    OA.9241


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Object reference number: MCN4887

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