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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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wall panel / relief

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Gypsum wall panel relief: showing prisoners from Lachish. A procession of prisoners moves through rocky landscape with vines, fig trees and olives in background. The relief also shows booty from Lachish, from the governor's palace incense burners.

  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 700BC-692BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 269.24 centimetres
    • Width: 180.34 centimetres
    • Thickness: 15 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    In set with BM.124904-124915 (all 1856,0909.14). In set with BM.124850-124857 (all 1856,0909.15).The cast is listed as available in the British Museum Facsimile Service 'Catalogue of Replicas from British Museum collections' (n.d.), in the series "Assyrian Bas-Reliefs".

  • Bibliography

    • MacGregor 2010 21 (part) bibliographic details
    • Barnett, Bleibtreu & Turner 1998a 432c bibliographic details
    • Barnett & Foreman 1959 p. 28, pls. 45-6 (details) bibliographic details
    • Reade 1983b p. 50, fig. 72 (detail) bibliographic details
    • Wäfler 1975 pl. 2:2 (detail) bibliographic details
    • Barnett 1958a pl. 31B (detail) bibliographic details
    • Paterson A 1915a pl. 72 bibliographic details
    • Paterson 1901-11 pl. LVI (detail) bibliographic details
    • Hall H R 1928a pl. XXXV (detail) bibliographic details
    • Ussishkin 1982 pp. 77, 85, 87 bibliographic details
    • Barnett & Davies 1975a pp. 81 (left), 82 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Exhibition history


    2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    17 June 2001

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Clean off gallery paintBF


    There is gallery paint over the lower edge of the object

    Treatment details

    Nitromors water soluble (methylene chloride,sodium hydroxide,cellulose) was stippled over the affected area and cleaned off with Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) on cotton wool swabs.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Associated events

    • Associated Event: Siege of Lachish
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • AS.25 (ex)
COMPASS Image Caption:Nos. 9-10


COMPASS Image Caption:Nos. 9-10

Image description



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: WCO26735

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