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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Four polished, irregularly-shaped garnet beads.

  • Date

    • 1stC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 6 millimetres
    • Width: 4 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Found in unnumbered India Museum tray in 'Box 6': for details, see 1880.3884.a. However the 4 beads are the same as 1880.3885.a, which suggests a degree of contamination between the trays in 'Box 6'.
    For similar garnet beads, see also 1880.3929.a, 1880.3992.g, 1880.4109.m, 1880.4110.f. For a discussion of the garnets in the relic deposits, see 1880.3992.g.


  • Condition

    Scientific Research KR10 (bead top right): drill hole cleaned and mould taken 14-16 January 2014

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated between November 1833 and April 1834 (Masson MSS Eur. E161/VII, ff.1-2).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1064 (?) (South Kensington Museum no.)
Four polished, irregularly-shaped garnet beads.



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Object reference number: RRI45876

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