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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    An irregularly shaped, cabochon cut garnet, with a flat back; slightly chipped on one corner.

  • Date

    • 1stC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 6 millimetres
    • Width: 5 millimetres
    • Thickness: 5 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    From relic deposits 'Box 6', tray South Kensington Museum no.1121/India Museum no.4: for documentation, see 1880.3885.a.
    E. Errington: This cabochon-cut garnet is the right size and shape to be one of the three inlaid stones missing from the bottom register of the Bimaran gold reliquary 1900,0209.1. It may be identifiable as the garnet 'in the lower line, fallen out of its position', which according to Masson (MSS Eur. E161/VII, f.2), was included in the box of finds from the site dispatched from Kabul in 1836.


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated between November 1833 and April 1834 (Masson MSS Eur. E161/VII, ff.1-2).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1121 (South Kensington Museum no.)
    • 4 (India Museum no.)
An irregularly shaped, cabochon cut garnet, with a flat back; slightly chipped on one corner.



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Object reference number: RRI45883

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