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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Three irregularly shaped small rough polished garnet beads.

  • Date

    • 1stC (late)-2ndC (found with late 1st-century coins)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 8 millimetres (n)
    • Length: 10 millimetres (o)
    • Length: 5 millimetres (p)
  • Curator's comments

    Found in relic deposits 'Box 7', tray South Kensington Museum no.1104/India Museum no.14, for documentation see 1880.3893.a. For other finds from BImaran Stupa 2, see also 1880.27, 1880.3691, 1880.3695, 1880.3696, 1880.3851, 1880.3855, 1880.3982, 1900,0209.1; IOC 201-IOC.204.
    For other garnet beads of the same type, see 1880.3884.e, 1880.3885.a, 1880.4109.m. For a discussion of provenance, see 1880.3885.a.


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated between November 1833 and April 1834 (Masson MSS Eur. E161/VII, ff.1-2).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1104 (South Kensington Museum no.)
    • 14 (India Museum no.)
1880.3893.n: irregularly shaped small rough polished garnet bead.

1880.3893.n: irregularly shaped small rough polished garnet bead.

Image description



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Object reference number: R##45951

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