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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Muffs
  • Description

    A dark fur muff, lying diagonally on white surface, with wide bande of brocade round the centre. 1647

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1647
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 82 millimetres
    • Width: 112 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered top left "WHollar fecit. 1647".
  • Curator's comments

    From a series of six plates of muffs by Hollar, dating from between 1645 and 1647 (New Hollstein 794-799).

    A related brush drawing in black wash on a grey prepared ground, heightened with white in the BM (SL,5214.7; ECM 47; Sprinzels 21). See also R. Godfrey, 'Wenceslaus Hollar: A Bohemian Artist in England', New Haven and London, 1994, no. 92B.


  • Bibliography

    • Pennington 1946 bibliographic details
    • New Hollstein 798 (Hollar) bibliographic details
  • Location

    British Post-binder

  • Subjects

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA370405

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