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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Muffs
  • Description

    A group of muffs; articles of dress laid on a table including muffs, two kerchiefs with lace borders, muff with brocade round centre, gloves, feather whisk, half-mask, pin cushion and fan. 1647

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1647
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 97 millimetres (cut)
    • Width: 204 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered below centre "WHollar fecit Aqua forti 1647" and towards right "Antuerpiæ".
  • Curator's comments

    From a series of six plates of muffs by Hollar, dating from between 1645 and 1647 (New Hollstein 794-799).

    See R. Godfrey, 'Wenceslaus Hollar: A Bohemian Artist in England', New Haven and London, 1994, no. 92G.

  • Bibliography

    • Pennington 1951 bibliographic details
    • New Hollstein 799 (Hollar) bibliographic details
  • Location

    British Post-binder

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA370407

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