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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Cloth-mark; lead; Norwich Weavers' Company; worsted reformed; (1): inscription and fleur-de-lis above and below; (2): inscription with two small fleurs above and below.

  • Date

    • 1600-1650 (?)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 19 millimetres (disc one)
    • Diameter: 21 millimetres (disc two)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        disc one
      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        disc two
      • Inscription Content

        WORST[.] [.]D RE[...]
  • Curator's comments

    Compare Egan 1985B/1992B, 3 fig. 17c and d. The number for yards lenght was almost certainly 27 (as on the following seals). It is presumed that on this series Roman numerals are earlier than arabic ones, which possibly begin c.1650.

    Geoff Egan, Lead Cloth Seals and Related Items in the British Museum (London, British Museum Press, 1994) p. 48.


  • Bibliography

    • Egan 1994 80 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCN8817

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