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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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model building/structure

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Model church; wood; Church of Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem; inlaid all over and inside with mother-of-pearl quatrefoils, rosettes and geometric patterns; tower, dome, cupola and roof panels are detachable to reveal interior; shutters at west end have become detached; open-topped cupola is slightly convex in shape; cross-bar of the H of the inlaid sacred monogram on tower is straight, not hump-backed; inscribed on roof.


  • Date

    • 1753 (before)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 45 centimetres (North-South)
    • Width: 38.5 centimetres (East-West)
    • Height: 26.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Type

        sacred monogram
      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Content

  • Curator's comments

    Piccirillo 2007 has this wrongly as OA 10338 when it is 10339. See OA 10338 for commentary. This one was made for an Italian audience/patron/consumer as sites are identified in Italian as well as by numbers to be read off in the key which would have accompanied the model.

  • Bibliography

    • Piccirillo 2007 no. 25, tav LIII bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2014 Apr-Aug, HOTW,Manarat Al Saadiyat, Abu Dhabi
    1996 30 Mar-13 Nov, Italy, Rimini, Sala dell’Arengo, Dalla Terra Alle Genti

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    21 July 1994

    Treatment proposal

    Clean and repair


    Dirty. Numerous parts detached. All hinges on opening doors are broken.

    Treatment details

    Cleaned by rolling with cottonwool swabs moistened with Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate). Detached pieces fixed back using Vinamul 3252 (vinyl acetate,ethylene copolymer). Broken Hinges replaced with facsimiles made from new brass wire.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


COMPASS Image Caption: Model of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

COMPASS Image Caption: Model of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Image description



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Object reference number: MCN8991

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