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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Description

    Two medallions commemorating the Treaty of Ryswick (1697) within an ornately decorated rectangular frame; in the left medallion William III seated on a throne receives a crowned female figure, accompanied by a horse and a cornucopia; inscribed around the edge, 'Gulielmo Tertio Regi Optimo Heroi Maximo Pacifero', and in the centre, 'In Palatio Reswicensi'; in the right medallion, Mary, seated and holding an orb, receives a wreath from a classical deity, with three other deities in attendance, accompanied by the inscriptions 'Pax reddita terris' and 'X Die Septembris Anno Dom. MDCXCVII'.
    Engraving on silk


  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1697
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 102 millimetres
    • Width: 200 millimetres (image only)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered in lower margin with two sets of verses. On the left: 'The mighty Hero Albion's scepter sways: / To Him All Europe gratefull Homage pays. / His Valourous Conduct caus'd the Wars to cease, / Preserv'd our Libertyes Restor'd our Peace.' On the right: 'Mars having ended all the Toyls of War, / Returns to his dear Lov'd Britannia's Care; / Lays down his Arms and Trophies at her feet, / Does Her with Riches Peace and Plenty Greet.'
        Lettered 'I. Fowler Invenit / S. Gribelin sculp.'
  • Location

    Not yet placed

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    5 October 2012

    Treatment proposal

    Lift. Secure loose fibres and support weak areas. Place in suitable wrapper and return to P&D.


    Hinged to dealer's backboard with 3 tapes along top edge. No window mount. Adhesive from tape has stained through to the recto. Discoloured with ingrained dirt. Silk is weak along top with a split and loss of fibres at the top of the vertical centre fold. Other small holes and weak areas.

    Treatment details

    Surface dust removed using a soft Japanese brush. Lifted by slitting hinges with a scalpel. Adhesive carefully removed with barely damp cotton wool swabs. Adhesive stain has become translucent in places. Weak areas supported and loss bridged using small tabs of Japanese tissue toned with Winsor and Newton artist's watercolours (organic,inorganic pigments,gum arabic) and pre-coated with Klucel G 8% in water. Tabs remoistened on damp blotter and pressed into place locally.

    About these records 

  • Associated names

  • Associated events

    • Associated Event: Treaty of Ryswick
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: PPA341075

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