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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Signorum Veterum Icones

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Signorum Veterum Icones
  • Description

    Sculpture of two wrestlers; front view directed to left; victor on top and defeated on the ground beneath him

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1672-1689 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 158 millimetres
    • Width: 160 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Numbered in pencil or graphite in top right corner: "22".
  • Curator's comments

    The statuary group, now in the Uffizi in Florence is a Roman copy after a lost bronze original of the third century B.C. showing the influence of Lysippos. It was found in 1853 in fragmentary state. The etching shows altogether five different views of the group, in reverse, after the group's reconstructions of the sixteenth century. This must mean that the group was exhibited as a freestanding sculpture. The etchings are after drawings by Neefs (1850,0810.671), Doncker (1850,0810.672), Doudijns (1850,0810.673-674) and Backer (1850,0810.675) of which none can now be traced, nor any intermediary drawing by De Bisschop himself. In his text De Bisschop states that the group is 'in hortis Mediceis' and translates this into Dutch as 'in den Hof van Medices'.
    The statue was depicted from five different angles, each on separate plate. For all five plates see: 1850,0810.671-675. For comment on volume see 1850,0810.652.


  • Bibliography

    • Hollstein 6 bibliographic details
    • Van Gelder I.106.18-22 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA321940

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