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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Vase, white opaline glass, transfer-printed in deep yellow with a classical scene on one side and palmettes on the other. Gilded motifs on neck, rim and foot. Above the central seated figure is a scroll (?) with the Greek letters reading KALE, 'beautiful' in the feminine form (the fourth letter has been misunderstood).


  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1848-1850
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 25 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Illustrated in B. Morris, 'Victorian Table Glass and Ornaments', London 1978, pl. 30, p. 56. For further discussion of Richardson's transfer-printed designs in the classical style, see C. Hajdamach, 'British Glass 1800-1914', Woodbridge 1991, pp. 99-100, col. pl. 9, fig. 71 and col. pl. 13, p. 136.
    See also J. Rudoe and S. Solicari, 'Barbara Morris's Gifts to the British Museum and the V&A', in Journal of the Decorative Arts Society 34, 2010, pp. 14-19, fig. 9.


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Vase, white opaline glass, painted in deep yellow with palmettes on one side and a classical scene on the other. Gilded borders.

Group of Objects

Vase, white opaline glass, painted in deep yellow with palmettes on one side and a classical scene on the other. Gilded borders.

Image description



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Object reference number: MCT28768

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