What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

ear-ring

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    2009,6023.178-179

  • Description

    Pair of silver earrings ('umud or ghalamiyat) consisting of a large ovoid bead with a raised central band decorated with spikes. The bead is divided into triangular sections with floral-stamped gold-leaf decoration which are bordered by rows of beaded wire. A pyramid of silver balls ending with a bead of mulberry granulation hangs from the bottom tip of the ovoid bead. Soldered to the top is a plain round silver hook. These earrings are too heavy to be hung from pierced earlobes. Rather, they are hooked from the loops of a silver head-strap (mishill or safifa, see for example 2009,6023.186-187) or from a fine chain that is looped around the entire ear, thus bearing the weight of the earrings quite comfortably. Worn by the women of northern Oman from the coastal town of Sur and by the Bedouin women of the Sharqiyah. Also worn by the Bedouin women of Central Oman and sometimes combined with the shibgat necklace (see 2009,6023.213).

    More 

  • Date

    • 1950s
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 13 centimetres (full ear-ring (average))
    • Circumference: 12 centimetres (widest part (average))
    • Weight: 44 grammes (2009,6023.178)
    • Weight: 42 grammes (2009,6023.179)
    • Diameter: 4 centimetres (widest part)
  • Curator's comments

    For similar examples see: Ruth Hawley, 'Silver: The Traditional Art of Oman' (London, 2000); Jehan S. Rajab, 'Silver Jewellery of Oman' (Kuwait, 1997); Neil Richardson and Marcia Dorr, 'The Craft Heritage of Oman' (Dubai, 2003).

    According to Pauline Shelton, 'Such ear-rings continue to be made and worn in Sur, though nowadays they are in gold.' See Miranda Morris and Pauline Shelton, 'Oman Adorned: A Portrait in Silver' (Muscat and London, 1997), p.73. For images of Bedouin women of Central Oman wearing similar earrings combined with the shibgat necklace and see also Morris and Shelton, pp.172-173.

    More 

  • Condition

    Fair

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    21 October 2010

    Reason for treatment

    Temporary Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    light cleaning

    Condition

    The surface appears to develop a slight tarnish (yellow) .

    .153: one pendant located at the end of the chain is deformed and one missing ring and pendant for the fourth chain. Repairs with different rings are obvious.

    .154: on the second chain, a repair using another ring is obvious; one chain is missing; one pendant is broken.

    .171: one missing chain, a loose chain because of a broken solder joint - remains of grey gum [like blue tac] is obvious on this part maybe for joining the chain to the box.

    .185: hard remains of soil inside some rings of the chain.

    Treatment details

    The tarnished surface was lightly removed with White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate) on cotton swabs.

    .171: the joining was successful with Araldite 2005 (epoxy) between the box and the ring form the loose chain.

    .185: the scalpel was used to remove hard remains of soil.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    2009

  • Acquisition notes

    This object is part of a collection of 20th century silver items (2009,6023.1 ff.) acquired in Oman between 1987-1995. This collection was mainly acquired in the markets of Nizwa, Mutrah and Rustaq and a small number of pieces were acquired in Sur, Wadi Bani Ouf, Bahla, Ibra and Ibri.

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number

    2009,6023.178-179

Pair of silver earrings ('umud or ghalamiyat) consisting of a large ovoid bead with a raised central band decorated with spikes. The bead is divided into triangular sections with floral-stamped gold-leaf decoration which are bordered by rows of beaded wire. A pyramid of silver balls ending with a bead of mulberry granulation hangs from the bottom tip of the ovoid bead. Soldered to the top is a plain round silver hook. These earrings are too heavy to be hung from pierced earlobes. Rather, they are hooked from the loops of a silver head-strap (mishill or safifa, see for example 2009,6023.186-187) or from a fine chain that is looped around the entire ear, thus bearing the weight of the earrings quite comfortably. Worn by the women of northern Oman from the coastal town of Sur and by the Bedouin women of the Sharqiyah. Also worn by the Bedouin women of Central Oman and sometimes combined with the shibgat necklace (see 2009,6023.213).

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: RRM41549

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...