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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Skein of dark orange silk thread, for embroidering womens' dresses.

  • Ethnic name

  • Date

    • 1990-1995
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 23 centimetres
    • Width: 5 centimetres
  • Condition

    Good; bought new.

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Presented by Dr St John Simpson of the Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities. The collection As1995,22 was made during a period of archaeological research in Merv, September - October 1995. Dr Simpson's notes for this piece state: "bought new in Bairam Ali Sunday bazaar, women's dress section".

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number


Skein of dark orange silk thread, for embroidering womens' dresses.

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Object reference number: RRM185680

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