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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery sherd with grey-blacke matt decoration; yellow ware.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 5.08 centimetres
    • Width: 1.91 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Stein M A 1940a p.135, pl.II 18 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    26 May 1994

    Treatment proposal



    Visible salt crystals.

    Treatment details

    Removed some of the salt crystals with soft brush. Object completely immersed in distilled water. Wash water changed on a daily basis. Conductivity readings taken of both the tap water and the wash water. DATE WASH WATER TAP WATER measured in siemens 10-5 180594 75.3 .1 190594 70.9 .1 200594 30.8 .1 230594 6.7 .1 250594 2.3 .1 260594 .6 .1

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • (Mala) "case pi" (excavation number)

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Object reference number: WCO43247

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