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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Album of popular prints mounted on cloth pages. Colour lithograph, lettered, inscribed and numbered 31. Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is seated on the banks of a river. Her feet rest on a lotus flower, and she carries another in her left hand. Her mount, an owl, is positioned nearby.

  • Date

    • 1895 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 41 centimetres (sheet)
    • Width: 30.5 centimetres (sheet)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        upper border
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        lower border
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        Lakshmi, goddess of wealth.
      • Inscription Comment

        Title, and numbered 31 in the lower right corner as well as the upper left.
  • Curator's comments

    Lithography was gaining momentum as a medium for picture production in the 1870s, and several studios operated in Bengal producing popular prints for the mass market. Hand-written captions in English have been added to the Bengali letter-press of the majority of the prints (some letterpress also in Hindi). The majority of the chromolithographs in this album were produced in Calcutta and reflect Bengal devotional cults; the final four prints were published by the Ravi Varma Press from Lonavla, c. 1910.


  • Condition


  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Acquired by the vendor in a library sale in the UK.

  • Department


  • Registration number



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Object reference number: RFI40981

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