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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Four Seasons

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Four Seasons
  • Description

    A roundel depicting spring, with willow trees by water in the foreground, and two horsemen, several figures and dogs taking part in a stag hunt in the background; some birds fly in the distance near centre.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1650-1677
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 110 millimetres
    • Width: 110 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with the address: "A Paris chez Pierre Mariette Rue St. Iacques a lEsperance Avec Priuilege du Roy"; signed "Inventé et graué par Perelle"; titled "PRINTEMPS"
  • Curator's comments

    A book of prints bound together in England c.1700, containing 65 etchings which fall into various groups, collated as follows:
    1-4 Gabriel Perelle, The four seasons, published by Pierre Mariette
    5 after Francis Barlow, Six birds of prey
    6-16 after Francis Barlow, Diversae Avium Species, engraved by Jan Kip and Francis Place, and published by P.Tempest 1696
    17,18 after Francis Barlow, two prints of birds
    19-30 after Barlow, Variae Quadrupedum Species (set 1)
    31-42 after Barlow, Variae Quadrupedum Species (set 2) 1695. Etched by Jan Griffier and Francis Place
    43-53 after Barlow, Diversae Avium Species, etched by W.Hollar and Richard Gaywood and published by P.Tempest
    54-61 an untitled set of cows, etched by Robert Pricke, copied from Paul Potter (Holl.1-8)
    62-65 David Teniers the younger, Four peasant scenes, etchings
    The prints are folded and sewn in as double-page spreads.


  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    The volume has the book-plate of Rev Carey Hampton Borrer of Hurstpierpont, with the owner's stamp on the first page.

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA259836

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