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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Four bears; two in the foreground, one climbling a cycad behind at left; after Francis Barlow. 1662

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1662
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 150 millimetres
    • Width: 214 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        lettered "F.Barlow inu WHollar sculp 1662"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    A duplicate impression at 1850,0223.417
    See New Hollstein 1710-1717; for the original drawing, see 1855,0714.64; etching catalogued under Hollar, P2083, as plate 4 in Variae quadrupedum species

  • Bibliography

    • New Hollstein 1712 (Hollar) bibliographic details
    • Pennington 2083 bibliographic details
  • Location


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  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

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Four bears; two in the foreground; one climbling a cycad in the background


Four bears; two in the foreground; one climbling a cycad in the background Etching

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA259899

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