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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Variae quadrupedum species

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Variae quadrupedum species
  • Description

    Three leopards (one chasing a stag in the background) and two lynxes

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1658-1663 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 155 millimetres
    • Width: 217 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered "F Barlow Inuen./R Gaywood fecit"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    For the original drawing, see 1855,0714.65; two duplicate impressions, 1850,0223.948 and Q,5.524; a modified design etched by Gaywood, 1878,0713.4744, and this modified design copied by an anonymous printmaker in Paris, published by Henri Bonnart (casebook 161.b.25)


  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA259907

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