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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

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Variae quadrupedum species

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Variae quadrupedum species
  • Description

    A tawny owl in a tree with a hollow, surrounded by other birds, including a jay, crow, magpie, and woodpecker

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1684-1695 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 133 millimetres
    • Width: 178 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered "F.Barlow delin./F.Place fecit/P.Tempest ex:"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    For duplicate impressions, see 1871,0812.3444 and Gg,4L.29,
    records for which both state that the plate is from Multae et diversae avium species (it could very well be that the plate was published for this series and for Variae quadrupedum species, which it is collated with here); for an impression of a later state published by John King, see Nn,7.2.22 (number "34" added).

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.


  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA259980

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