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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

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Diversae avium species

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1997,0928.14.43

  • Title (series)

    • Diversae avium species
  • Description

    Title, "Diversae Avium Species..." is lettered on a flayed calfskin which is supported by two facing eagles with their wings raised to meet each other at top centre; behind them hangs a garland of fruits and vegetables tied at both corners with bows; all of this is set into a shallow rectangular niche
    Etching

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  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1658 (c. (?))
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 155 millimetres
    • Width: 177 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered title: "Diversae Avium Species studiosissime ad vitam delineatae Per Fra:Barlow Insignissim: Anglum Pictorem/P:Tempest excudit"; lettered "F Barlow Inuen: R Gaywood fecit"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    For an earlier state, published by William Faithorne, 1658, see 1872,1012.5470; two duplicates of the Faithorne title at 1896,1230.245 and Q,5.545; three examples of a possible earlier state at 1874,0808.988, 1875-7-10-544, and 2005,U.54 (i.e. before any address; though these may be impressions of a state after the removal of the Faithorne address); a later state with the address of Edward Cooper at 1896,1230.158 (duplicate of this impression at 1857,0314.16).

    There is a copy by Thomas Neal, dated 1658 and published by Pierre Mariette in Paris, 1659, at Nn,7.2.1.

    In album 1939,0709.2 (press mark 166*.d.21), is an impression of the title page which seems to be etched by Barlow himself (from which Gaywood seems to have made the above reverse/modified copy); parts of the impression are quite weak (e.g. the inside of the left eagle's raised wing, the hanging garland at right, and parts of the line border); it is hard to say whether this plate was published before Tooker printed it; see 1934,0709.2.(11); it was reissued by John Bowles in the 18th century; see 1871,0812.3165

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.

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  • Bibliography

    • Pennington 2124 (Catalogued as Hollar but lettered "R Gaywood fecit") bibliographic details
  • Location

    165.a.37

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1997

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    1997,0928.14.43


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Object reference number: PPA260071

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