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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Diversae avium species

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Diversae avium species
  • Description

    Nine ducks in a variety of poses in a river landscape with willow trees; after Francis Barlow; first state.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1654-1658 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 146 millimetres
    • Width: 193 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered "Barlow inv. Hollar fec:"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    A duplicate impression at Q,5.561 and second state 1948,0127.1.17
    Copied in reverse by Thomas Neale, 1658-9, for Pierre Mariette II, see Nn,7.2.3; also copied in reverse by Richard Gaywood (attributed), see 1869,0612.538.*; composition related to Barlow's plate 8, "Wilde dookes", for Multae et diversae avium species, see 1874,0808.1002

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.

    Barlow's related drawing is at the Tate Gallery, London (T08088).


  • Bibliography

    • New Hollstein 1662.I (Hollar) bibliographic details
    • Pennington 2143.I bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


Nine ducks in a variety of poses in a river landscape with willow trees


Nine ducks in a variety of poses in a river landscape with willow trees Etching

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA260224

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