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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Diversae avium species

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Diversae avium species
  • Description

    Two swans swimming, with an old fishing weir on the river bank at left, and five swallows flying overhead; after Francis Barlow; first state.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1654-1658 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 141 millimetres
    • Width: 191 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered "F. Barlow inu: W. Hollar fecit"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    A duplicate impression at Q,5.560; copied in reverse by Thomas Neale, 1658-9, for Pierre Mariette II, see Nn,7.2.8; another copy in reverse at 1914,0520.516; the composition is related to Barlow's plate 14, "Swans", for Multae et diversae avium species, see 1878,1012.494

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.


  • Bibliography

    • New Hollstein 1661.I (Hollar) bibliographic details
    • Pennington 2141.I bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


Two swans swimming, with an old fishing weal on the river bank, and five swallows flying overhead


Two swans swimming, with an old fishing weal on the river bank, and five swallows flying overhead Etching

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA260234

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