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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Diversae avium species (?)

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Diversae avium species (?)
  • Description

    Two ostriches in an exotic landscape; three parrots are perched in a fruit tree at left, which is surrounded at the bottom by flowers; a bird of paradise and two love birds (or parakeets) fly overhead; in the background is are some mountains and a step pyramid surrounded by trees and bushes, including cycads and cypresses


  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1654-1658 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 175 millimetres
    • Width: 205 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered "F Barlow Inuenit/R Gaywood fecit"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    Duplicate impressions: Q,5.562, Nn,7.2.28, and 1850,0223.950 (worn impression); copied in reverse by Thomas Neale, 1658-9(?), for Pierre Mariette II, see 1914,0520.459

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.


  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA260242

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